"Spartan District" is a 3D modeling project to reconstruct Limnae, one of the five villages (Obai) of Sparta. This architectural 3D model wants to show an internal and dynamic point of view of Sparta during the 5th century BC, beyond the usually common myths about this city.
Important : This is an artistic view based partly on historical texts and archaeological sources (for weapons, ceramics and tools specially), not a faithful reproduction of classical Sparta. You will find my sources here, feel free to contact me for any questions or suggestions about this project.
"The Laconian system is well documented in the numerous fragments found in the excavations of the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia at Sparta [...] These fragments demonstrate that Laconian-system roofs, as known at Sparta, have a limited range of elements. The pan tiles are large and concave, the cover tiles narrower and convex, the ridge tiles convex with openings for the tiles;"
3D Modeling based on Defining regional styles in archaic greek architectural terracottas, pp. 13-15 (Nancy A. Winter), Fig.1 "Roof of the Heraion at Olympia" by K. Iliakis.
An aspis, sometimes also referred to as a hoplon, was the heavy wooden shield used by the infantry in various periods of ancient Greece. The aspis measured at least 0.91 meters in diameter and weighed about 7.3 kilograms, and it was about 25–38 millimetres thick.
In one such case, a spartan was said to have painted a life size fly upon his aspis. Asked why; the warrior stated that he intended to be so close to his foe, that the fly would appear giant. Plut.,Ap.Lak.,Anon.41=Mor.234C-D.
An aulos was an ancient Greek wind instrument, depicted often in art and also attested by archaeology. You can hear some aulete (aulos player) here : Cristian Gentilini, Conrad Steinmann, Barnaby Brown, Dr. Stefan Hagel
Ephor. ap. Plb. 4.20.5f. = FGrH 70 F 8 reports that the Spartans had introduced the aulos instead of the trumpet (salpinx) long ago (elsewhere the trumpet was quite popular in the army in Xenophon's day, cf. e.g. X, An. 7.4.16). [...] Later Polyaenus (1.10) considers that marching to the sound of the aulos was invented by Heraclids and that the absence of aulos-players led to the defeat at Leuctra (revealing how characteristic of Sparta the aulos was considered by the later idealizing tradition).
Michael Lipka, Xenophon's Spartan Constitution (Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 2002) - p. 22
The Dorian peoples had a seminal influence on the later development of Greek art. Indeed, the crowning achievements of Greek art and architecture from the 5th century BC arose from the combination of the art of the Doric peoples (with its restraint, power, and monumentality) and that of the Ionian peoples (with its grace, elegance, and ornateness). The massive and simple Doric order of architecture earned its name from its origin in the Doric-populated cities of the southern Aegean.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online
Historical and Archaeological Sources
|Nigel M. Kennell||Spartans: A New History : MAP 1 The city of Sparta, (2009).|
|George R.||The Shrine of the Goddess Athena : Acropolis of Sparta. Read more|
|Gengler O., Marchetti P.||Sparte hellénistique et romaine. Dix années de recherche (1989-1999). In: Topoi, volume 10/1, (2000), p. 71. Read more|
|Barthélemy J.-J.||Le voyage du jeune Anacharsis : Essai sur la topographie de Sparte et de ses environs, Pour le voyage du jeune Anacharsis, (1783), Chap XLI. N°21|
|Coudin F.||Culte et identité culturelle : les offrandes de vases dans les sanctuaires laconiens, in F. Quantin (ed.), Archéologie des religions antiques, Pau, (2011). Read more|
|"Reflective History Teacher" (group)||Spartan society : Historiography. Read more|
|The British Museum||Sparta > Explore. Read more|
|Fustel de Coulanges||Etude sur la propriété de Sparte : Les repas communs. (1880), Chap V. Read more|
|Christien-Tregaro J.||Les temps d'une vie : Sparte, une société à classe d'âge. In: Mètis. Anthropologie des mondes grecs anciens. Volume 12, (1997), pp. 45-79. Read more|
|Lahanas M.||Ancient Greek Pottery : Part 1. Read more|
|Deligiannis P.||Delving into History : The Hoplite swords. Read more|
|Obert J.||AncientPlanet Online Journal Vol. 2 (2012), pp. 16–17. Read more|
|Bardunias P.||The aspis. Surviving Hoplite Battle, in: Ancient Warfare I.3 (2007), pp. 11-14. Read more|
|University of Oxford||Classical Art Research Centre, The Beazley Archive. Read more|
|Winter N. A.||Defining regional styles in archaic greek architectural terracottas, pp. 13-15. Read more|
|Silvestrelli F., I. E. M. Edlund-Berry||The Chora of Metaponto 6: A Greek Settlement at Sant'Angelo Vecchio, pp. 490-493. Read more|
|Amt M.||The Ancient Greek Hoplite : Shield. Read more|
|Christen J., Ruzé F.||Sparte : Géographie, mythes et histoire, 2007|
|Lévy Ed.||Sparte : Histoire politique et sociale jusqu’à la conquête romaine, 2003|
|Ollier F.||Le mirage spartiate : IIe partie [Annales de V Université de Lyon, Troisième série, Lettres, fase. 13]. Paris, Les Belles-Lettres, 1943|
|Cavaignac E.||Sparte, 1948|
|Pausanias||Description of Greece, 2nd century AD.|
|Xenophon||Constitution of the Lacedaimonians, late 5th century BC.|
|Plutarch||On Sparta, 2nd century AD.|
|Herodotus||The Histories, mid 5th century BC.|
|Thucydides||History of the Peloponnesian War, late 5th century BC.|